A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the specific field of his or her degree, or to work in a specific profession. While the structure of doctoral programs is more formal and complex than in some other systems, the research doctorate is not awarded for the preliminary advanced study that leads to doctoral candidacy, but rather for successfully completing and defending the independent research presented in the form of the doctoral dissertation (thesis). In fact many universities offer PhD followed by a professional doctorate degree or joint PhD. with the professional degree (most often Ph.D. work comes sequential to the professional degree) often such professional degrees are refereed as entry level doctorate program and PhD as post-professional doctorate.
In Switzerland, a PhD is usually started immediately after the Masters thesis (at the age of about 25 to 28 years). The average age of PhD candidates at the end of the PhD is 31. Unlike in the USA, Swiss PhD candidates are expected to start their research project immediately after beginning their PhD, and do not attend classes. However, they might have a few advanced lectures, summer schools or PhD programs.The duration of the PhD is not standard: usually, it is between 2 and 6 years, depending on the research field. A PhD in natural and exact sciences usually takes between 4 and 5 years. In economics, for example at the University of St. Gallen, the duration is only 2 years. In arts and humanities, a PhD is generally completed in 4 to 6 years.
• University certificate
• Official university Transcript
• 2 Recommendation letters
• 1 Academic letter
• Meet the English language requirements